What is a Magnetic Field? How is a Magnetic Field Formed?

magnetic field

What is a Magnetic Field? How is a Magnetic Field Formed?

11 January 2024 - Author : Aydem Perakende
What is in this article?

 The magnetic field is an unseen force field that surrounds magnets and has the ability to influence electrically charged particles. This field, responsible for the magnetic attraction or repulsion we see in magnets, is a fundamental concept in the study of electricity and magnetism.


What is a Magnetic Field?

A magnetic field is a force field created around magnets or conductors that carry electric current.What is a Magnetic Field? 

Magnetic fields, indicating the presence and direction of magnetic force, can be visualized through magnetic field lines. These lines illustrate the force direction between the magnetic north and south poles.

The strength of a magnetic field is measured in "Tesla (T)", indicating the force exerted per unit area.

A fundamental principle of electromagnetism is that magnetic fields are produced around both magnets and any conductors carrying electric current.


How is a Magnetic Field Formed?

Magnetic fields come from two main sources: natural magnets and the electricity flowing through wires.

In natural magnets, tiny atomic magnets line up in a way that collectively creates a magnetic field. For electric currents, think of a wire with electricity running through it – it makes a magnetic field that forms circular patterns around the wire. This idea is what makes electromagnets work. 

Also, just moving electrical charges around can make a magnetic field. This is the fundamental phenomenon behind electromagnetic induction.

Earth’s own magnetic field is like a giant magnet created by the swirling of liquid metals deep inside the planet. These fields are fundamental physical phenomena that influence many aspects of daily life, from guiding compasses to the functioning of electric motors.


Magnetic Field Formula

The strength of the magnetic field (B) is usually expressed in unit of Tesla (T). The go-to formula for a magnetic field comes from Ampere’s and Biot-Savart’s laws. The strength of the magnetic field around a straight conductor is calculated using the below formula, which depends on the strength of the current (I) and the distance from the conductor (r) to the point in question:

B = μ I / 2 π r

In that formula, μ represents the magnetic permeability of free space, and it’s measured in T-m/A, which stands for Tesla meter per ampere.

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How Magnetic Fields are Used?

Magnetic fields have a ton of uses, from everyday gadgets to high-tech equipment . 

Here’s a quick rundown of where you’ll find them:

  • Electric Motors and Generators: These devices work on idea of turning magnetic fields’ electrical energy into mechanical energy, and the other way around.
  • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging): In the medical world, strong magnetic fields come in handy for getting a sneak peek inside the human body.
  • Information Storage: Hard discs and other magnetic storage devices store information in magnetic form.
  • Compasses: Provide navigation using the Earth’s magnetic field.
  • Electromagnets: Used in various industrial applications to create temporary magnetic fields.

How Magnetic Fields are Used?


Who Invented the Magnetic Field?

The idea of the magnetic field started to take shape in the early 19th century, and it was a team effort with lots of scientists pitching in.

In 1820, Hans Christian Ørsted made a groundbreaking discovery in electromagnetism when he noticed that an electric current could make a compass needle move. Ørsted’s finding was a game-changer and caught the attention of other big names in science like André-Marie Ampère, Michael Faraday, and James Clerk Maxwell. 

Faraday brought in the concept of magnetic field lines and Maxwell went on to develop the whole mathematical theory behind electromagnetic fields. So, it’s fairer to say a bunch of smart people together shaped our understanding of magnetic fields, rather than pinning it all on one person.


Magnetic Field Effect of Electric Current

An electric current naturally creates a magnetic field around itself. How strong this effect is depends on the current’s strength and how the conductor, like a wire, is shaped. Take a coil of wire, for instance. When you run a current through it, you get a pretty strong magnetic field right in the middle of that coil. This idea is what makes a lot of gadgets tick, like electromagnets, inductors, and electric motors.

There’s been a lot of research on whether magnetic fields from electric currents can affect our health. The general consensus is that magnetic fields that are not super strong are pretty harmless to us.

The way electric currents can whip up magnetic fields is a big deal in our everyday tech – it’s one of the building blocks of the modern world. Figuring out how these fields interact with stuff, both for new tech and for our health, is a major research topic.


We’d love to hear your thoughts on intriguing topics related to electricity and magnetism.

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Comments (1)



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Aydem Perakende - Kaliteli ve Düşük Maliyetli Elektrik Tedarik Hizmeti
Aydem Perakende

Değerli yorumlarınız için teşekkür eder, keyifli okumalar dileriz! :)